Rear Military Press (Barbell)

Performance Description
  1. Sit or stand being sure to keep the back straight and grasp the bar with an overhand grip.
  2. Move the weight off of the stand
  3. Inhale as the weight is lowered behind the neck. Only lower the weight as far as is comfortable.
  4. Exhale as the weight is pressed vertically.
  5. Repeat steps 3-4.

Various Methods of Exercise: Barbell, Dumbbell

Primary Muscle(s)
Shoulders (Deltoid: Anterior)
Shoulders (Deltoid: Lateral)
Shoulders (Deltoid: Posterior)
Secondary Muscle(s)
Triceps (Triceps Brachii: Lateral Head)
Triceps (Triceps Brachii: Long Head)
Triceps (Triceps Brachii: Medial Head)
Tertiary Muscle(s)
Chest (Pectoralis Major: Clavicular 'Upper' Head)
Outer Back (Supraspinatus)
Outer Back (Teres Minor)
Serratus (Anterior)
Upper Back (Rhomboid Major)
Upper Back (Trapezius)
Further Clarification

Using a back rest will help to prevent injury by providing lower back support and reducing improper arching of the back.

The standing variation is best done on a smith machine. A smith machine has a bar attached to a guided track. If the machine is large enough, standing back presses may be done.

Each of the following is a head of the deltoid collective and its corresponding term:

Anterior Deltoid = Front Shoulder

Posterior Deltoid = Rear Shoulder

Lateral Deltoid = Side Shoulder (Middle Shoulder)

Things To Look Out For

Rear military presses, in particular, create a large amount of stress on the shoulder joint. Everybody has a unique body structure, so there is great variance in what is both possible and comfortable for different people. With this in mind, to help prevent injuries only lower the bar as far as is comfortable for your individual body structure.

A false grip - that is, a grip where the thumbs are not wrapped around the bar - can provide additional power and enable more weight to be lifted. However, a potential consequence of using this grip could be injury. If the hands are sweaty or form falters the weight may fall at the peril of you or others. Many claim that it is more comfortable to hold the bar in this manner, but for most a false grip begs for wrist hyperextension and falling weight injuries. Unless you are a professional, a false grip should prove unnecessary.

Exercise Position(s)
Seated, Standing
Considered An Exercise In The Following Categories