Similar to vitamins, minerals are also crucial for the body to maintain healthy levels of functionality. Minerals are used in several bodily functions including bone growth, hormone creation, and maintaining cardiac rhythm.

Minerals are divided into two categories: macrominerals and trace minerals. Macrominerals are needed in large quantities compared to the trace minerals. For most people living in a developed nation, there is issue in receiving adequate amounts of either type of mineral. Certain health conditions or situations may require one to take a supplement.

A list of minerals:

Widely known for building strong bones, calcium serves additional purposes throughout the body and is found largely in milk-based products as well as fortified foods.
It is more likely than not that an individual is receiving adequate amounts of chloride throughout the day. This mineral balances fluids in the body and plays a vital role in the digestion process.
This mineral is present in all bodily tissue. An integral part of creating red blood cells, copper is found in a large range of foods like shellfish, dark leafy greens, and yeast.
Iodine is readily available in developed countries but may be in short supply in developing countries. Iodine is essential in maintaining proper thyroid function.
The body requires iron to produce oxygen-carrying proteins which are responsible for delivering oxygen to all parts of the body. Vegetarians needs to be particularly cautious in regards to not receiving enough iron.
Found in non-meat foods, magnesium is required for muscle contraction and relaxation. It is very rare for an individual to be deficient in magnesium unless they abuse alcohol.
It is very important to not consume too much manganese as this can have severe effects on one's health. Be sure to stay below the daily intake limits for this particular mineral.
Only present in extremely small amounts, molybdenum is a mysterious mineral whose health effects have yet to be fully realized.
Nearly as abundant in the body as calcium, the primary function of phosphorus is to build strong teeth and bones as well as play a role in various bodily processes.
Found in animal and plant based foods, potassium is a mineral classified as an electrolyte. It has a heavy involvement with electrical and cellular functions.