Upper Back Exercises
The upper back is comprised of two distinct muscle areas. The uppermost portion includes the levator scapulae, scalenes, splenius capitas, and splenis cervicis which connects the neck to the shoulders. The remaining portion contains the trapezius which bridges the neck and shoulders to the back. Within this portion contains a subset of muscles called the rhomboid major and rhomboid minor. These connect at the lower portion of the trapezius and spread out toward the scapula (shoulder blade).
Some upper back exercises involve the use of the rotator cuff muscles. For this reason, one should take caution while executing these exercises to prevent injury.